In my earlier post I had mentioned about the beautiful explanation from the legend organic agriculturist iyaa Dr. Nammalvar .
This post is a full translation as said by him. Its after listening to this short speech from him I have changed my methods of organic gardening. Let me start without wasting time.
“The Doub/ Toddy Palm is considered to grow even in a desert, however its dying now in Tamil Nadu. This is a sign that our land is turning worse than a dessert.
What is causing this to happen?
The chemicals used in farming is causing damage to our environment by mixing with rain water and entering deep into the soil . The turns the water poisonous to the extent that even if you fetch drinking water from the depth of 300 feet it has been poisoned.
The damage from this contamination affects the grass and hay stalk fed to the cattle . There by the milk from the cattle is also poisoned and so is the woman who feeds on such milk. While nursing the poison is fed to the new born. It is a most hideous truth that a mothers feeds poison to her child. This shows that both psychologically and physically we are in a pretty bad state.
So how do we get rid of this situation?
Here is what I have to say. Nature has its own law which existed even before the human race was formed. It will exist even after human race is extinct. Hence it is better that we understand these laws of nature. Our mistake was that we tried to outsmart nature. We decided to add 40% Nitrogen (N), 20% Potash (P), 20% Phosphorus (K) – NPK. However what we missed was when we added these chemicals to the soil the naturally occurring micro organisms died.
To get these micro organisms back you need to avoid usage of these chemicals as these kill the micro organisms. Further you need to enrich the soil with organic waste as the soil is carving for same. Organic wastes such as cow, goat, hen manure mixed with leaves and composted is fed to the soil. This compost acts as food for the micro organisms Hence if we learn to return organic waste to the soil it will reward us with a bountiful harvest forever.
What is agriculture?
Agriculture is harvesting solar energy
“Agriculture = Harvesting the solar energy + feeding the bacteria.“
Agriculture is all about harvesting solar energy to the maximum. Next to support the process we also need to feed the bacteria’s. Its called Photosynthesis. This is the process by which a leaf absorbs light energy from sun and converts it into starch. Then the leaf after consuming this starch feeds the balance to its roots. The roots spread across the soil absorbs water and supplies to the leaves. The roots does not feed the leaves, its the leaves that feeds the roots. Hence if you say that you are feeding the leaves through its roots, then its not science. Once you understand this then you can clarify to any one.
Then why are we manuring the soil?
These manure is for the microbes in the soil. We distribute these microbes to farmers in packets in the name of azospirillum, rhizobium, phospobacteria, pseudomonas. These are microbes.
- The microbes supply nitrogen from air to the plant.
- The microbes extract phosphorus from the earth and supplies to leaves.
- The microbes converts the materials in soil to potash and supplies to the plant.
So there is no need to purchase these minerals from shop as these are produced by the bacteria present in the soil.
Hence a healthy soil should constitute the following 3 components.
- Physical property of the soil – The land should be rich in minerals.
- Biological property of the soil – soil should have all kinds of organisms. it should have micro organisms, earth worm, millipede, frog, crab etc etc.
- Chemical property – when the above 2 exists and work together all essential nutrients for the plants is formed in the soil.
It is this healthy soil which supports the growth of healthy plants which in turn provides a good yielding harvest.”
Hope I had made justice in translating iyya’s speech. Will write more detailed articles on what I do from his tips and how I get benefited.
Until then happy gardening folks.