Auspicious factors – Why do we sow seeds on Amavasya?

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Why do we sow on Amavasya?

Why sow seeds on Amavasya? Why not on other days? Does plant growth/ germination happens during the night compared to bright day light?

Some of us think that it’s auspicious while some of us feel it’s superstitious. Let’s understand the scientific reason why these days are auspicious for seed sowing.

Let’s understand: The four major elements of nature correspond to specific parts of the plants. Earth is associated to the root, air to the flowers, water to leaf growth and fire to the growth of the seeds. We all cannot deny the fact that tides are affected by the gravitational pull of the moon (typically called as
lunar tides) which is closer to the earth compared to the sun which is large.

The strongest effect is felt during the full moon phase as against the new moon phase. This is because the sun and the moon both pull from the
opposite direction on the full moon day. These lunar tides affect the water content of the soil thereby creating more moisture in the soil at the time of the new and full moon.

Typically the month/lunar cycle are divided into 2 half namely

  • WAXING (expanding or increase in illumination) of the moon
  • WANING (shrinking or decreasing in illumination) of the moon.

Excluding the auspicious day’s new moon (Amavasya) and full moon (Poornima) the lunar calendar is further divided into a 4 cycle of 7 days each which is called the lunar cycle. This is explained in conjunction with the seed germination process below.

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The WAXING period:
This is the period starting from the day of Amavasya till the full moon. Excluding the Amavasya this period is divided into 2 halves 7 days each and is considered as the first 2 parts of the lunar cycle. During the 1st, 7 days of the lunar cycle the lunar gravitational pull decreases as against the corresponding
relative increase in the gravitational pull by the earth. This stimulates the root growth which is the main part of the germination process. Since the light is also available in an increasing way this further stimulates a healthy leaf growth there by the plants go through a balanced growth period during their initial phase.

The relative direction of the lunar gravitational force is reversed during the 2nd, 7 days of the lunar cycle. During this period earth’s gravitational pull is relatively low compared to the gravitational pull from the moon. This slows down the root growth. On the other hand the moon light continues to be increasing which is the key for leaf growth. Hence during the first phase if the root growth was adequate with the nutrients and water the plant growth will be well balanced and regular.

Moonlight, gravitational pull and magnetic forces in peak during this enable good seeds to germinate if they had failed in the 1st, cycle. The saying goes “the seeds cannot resist this condition”. Which is why we see more weed growth overnight during this period.

The WANING period:
This is the period starting from the day of full moon till the Amavasya. Excluding the full moon this period is also divided into 2 halves of 7 days each and forms the second 2 parts of the lunar cycle. During the 3rd, 7 days of the lunar cycle the lunar gravitational pull decreases as against the corresponding
relative increase in the gravitational pull by the earth. Hence the root growth is stimulated again. However the decrease in the moonlight slows down the leaf growth. This is the ideal time to transplant as the leaf growth is slow and the root growth is active and helps the plant to overcome the transplant shock. Later once the roots have established it will help the plant go through the next difficult phase. The seeds that take 2 to 3 weeks to germinate are best sown during this period as they would be ready for ideal growth conditions when the first phase of the lunar cycle hits.

The 4th, 7 days of the lunar cycle the lunar gravitational pull increases again as against the corresponding relative increase in the gravitational pull by the earth. Hence the root growth is slowed down. Further the lack of moon light further reduces the leaf growth. This is considered as the balanced decrease in growth period as against the 1st, lunar cycle.

So what’s ideal?
The exact date doesn’t matter all you are doing here is just taking advantage of the motivation rendered by Mother Nature.

During the waxing period sow short germinating seeds or seeds that take more than a month to germinate should be placed 48 hours before the new moon (Amavasya) when significant magnetic forces (explained in waxing) occur or up to 7 days from the new moon. Seeds that take 1 to 2 weeks to germinate should be sown 48 hours before full moon or 7 days after.
Use the waning period to do lots of physical activities like preparing your soil, compost as this is the period that helps more towards the growth of microbial organisms.

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Shop for 100% organically grown plants and seeds from crazygardener.in. Available exotic varieties, heirloom seeds and organic garden supplements affordable low cost. FREE shipping for seeds.
Your purchase contributions go towards nurturing the plants


Conclusion
Plants sown in the correct combination of the best lunar phase and sign show increased vigour, due to having all the best influences. They are growing at an optimum rate and are not as prone to setbacks that would otherwise affect less healthy plants. Harvests are often quicker, larger and crops don’t go to seed as fast. The method is more helpful when doing organic gardening. This is considered as a gardening nuance.

Your plants would still grow adequately. However as you gain experience I am sure we do not want to miss even the smallest detail.

Let’s not forget our forefathers had said many things with a reason. Try it out.

Happy gardening

 
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When and what to plant – Know the season

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WHEN AND WHAT TO PLANT

Understanding the need: What to plant and when? is one of the biggest challenges one faces when it comes to organic gardening. Growing organic is all about growing along with the nature so that the plants use the best of the resources and climatic conditions available during the season to grow and nurture plants. This reduces the efforts and costs incurred while still giving you best of the results.

In simple terms the climate prevailing in a climate zone has a direct impact on seed germination, growth and yield.

CROPPING SEASONS IN INDIA

India has many growing seasons due to prevalence of high temperature through a long period. The agricultural crop year in India is from July to June. The Indian cropping season is classified into two main seasons.

KharifOriginates from Arabic language where Kharif means autumn. Karif crops are sown at the beginning of the south-west monsoon and harvested at the end of the south-west monsoon.
Sowing seasons-May to July.
Harvesting season-September to October
Important crops: Jowar, bajra, rice, maize, cotton, groundnut, jute, hemp, sugarcane, tobacco, etc.

Rabi: Originates from Arabic language where Rabi means spring. Rabi crops need relatively cool climate during the period of growth but warm climate during the germination of their seed and maturation.
Sowing season-october-December
Harvesting season-February-April
Important crops: wheat, barley, gram, linseed, mustard, masoor, pea and potatoes.

Besides the kharif and rabi crops, there are certain crops which are being raised throughout the year due to artificial irrigation.

Zaid: Originates from Arabic language where Zaid means to prosper.
Zaid kharif crops are sown in Aug-Sept. Harvesting in Dec-Jan.
Important crops: rice, jowar, rapeseed, cotton, oilseeds.
Zaid rabi crops are sown in Feb-Mar. Harvesting is in Apr-May.
Important crops: watermelon, toris, cucumber, leafy and other vegetables.

Looking for organic seeds and garden supplements?
Shop for 100% organically grown plants and seeds from crazygardener.in. Available exotic varieties, heirloom seeds and organic garden supplements affordable low cost. FREE shipping for seeds.
Your purchase contributions go towards nurturing the plants

PLANNING YOUR VEGETABLE GARDEN

Three things you need to be aware of when planning your vegetable garden.

  • Know your climate zone
  • Follow the planting calendar
  • Be aware of the conditions

Know your climate zone: Climate zones are generalised the fact that seasons can change quickly and may arrive early or late or not at all. We all know that we live in a high temperature zone through a long period. Hence choose the best plants for your area and the ideal sowing time.

The planting calendar: The planting calendar or sow chart below should help you in planning if you are in India.

Sowing Chart

Month North India South India
JANUARY Brinjal Lettuce,Spinach, Gourds, Melons, Radish, Carrot, Onion, Tomato,Okra,Brinjal, Bean
FEBRUARY Applegourd, Bittergourd, Bottle gourd, Cucumber, French Beans, Okra, Sponge, Gourd, Watermelon, Spinach Same as January
MARCH Same as February Amaranthus, Coriander, Gourds, Beans, Melons, Spinach, Okra
APRIL Capsicum Onion, Amaranthus, Coriander, Gourds, Okra, Tomato, Chilli
MAY Onion, Pepper, Brinjal Okra, Onion, Chilli
JUNE All gourds, Brinjal, Cucumber, Cauliflower (Early), Okra, Onion,Sem,Tomato,Pepper Gourds, Solanaeceae,Almost all vegetables
JULY All gourds, Cucumber, Okra, Sem, Tomato Same as June
AUGUST Carrot, Cauliflower, Radish, Tomato Carrot, Cauliflower, Beans, Beet
SEPTEMBER Cabbage, Carrot, Cauliflower, Peas, Radish, Tomato, Lettuce Cauliflower, Cucumber, Onion,Peas,Spinach
OCTOBER Beet, Brinjal, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Lettuce, Peas, Radish, Spinach, Turnip Brinjal, Cabbage,Capsicum,Cucumber, Beans,Peas, Spinach, Turnip, Watermelon
NOVEMBER Turnip, Tomato, Radish, Pepper, Peas, Beet Beet, Eggplant, Cabbage, Carrot, Beans, Lettuce, Melon, Okra, Turnip
DECEMBER Tomato Lettuce, Pumpkin, Watermelon, Muskmelon, Ash gourd, Ridge gourd, Bitter gourd, Bottle gourd, Cucumber, Chilly, Cabbage,

Be aware of the conditions: What you grow also depends on the stretch of your growing season, the amount of sunlight your garden gets and the size of your planting space.  Having a lot of shade would limit the varieties you can grow where in sunny gardens will offer more alternatives.  Certain gardens only get enough sun at certain times of the year.  Hence be aware of the conditions and plan your garden to get access to enough sun and increase the variety of what you can grow. Remember agriculture is all about harvesting suns energy.

Our ancestors have made amazing discoveries by living along with the nature. Once such factor is the auspicious sowing during Amavasya. What we think as an auspicious factor is indeed scientific this is known as farming by moon or simply the moon calendar. Will write about this in detail in my next blog.

I believe my post was useful. Feel free to share your comments

Looking for organic seeds and garden supplements?
Shop for 100% organically grown plants and seeds from crazygardener.in. Available exotic varieties, heirloom seeds and organic garden supplements affordable low cost. FREE shipping for seeds.
Your purchase contributions go towards nurturing the plants

 
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Sowing your seeds

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The Joy of growing plants from Seeds – Sowing seeds

Now that we have learnt the basics lets get to the real activities one by one.

Preparing the soil  to sow the seeds: If you are sowing your seed in ground ensure the soil is well loosened to a depth of few inches. We all know this method its called ploughing. Why is this done? It is to ensure the early roots from a budding sprout is getting its way easier through the soil. Ensure to clear any kind of large rocky structure. This method is already done in a pot by preparing our well loosened potting mix. The sandwich layering method further enables the roots to spread and grow better.

Coming back once you have loosened your soil water the soil evenly. Ensure the soil is moist not soaked. Remember this initial watering is set the base for the seeds first growing condition.

Next is the distance between each seed. Remember just like us the plants and their roots need space to grow and branch out. As we had learnt earlier the primary source of food for plants comes from the leaves and the raw materials from the roots. A healthy plant with a well branched both above and beneath the soil will give you a decent yield. So plan the space between each plant from seedling stage.

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In urban pot gardening with the lack of space we would like to grow more in less space hence an even more careful  planning is required while sowing seeds. Visualize your plants when they grow up a 9×9 growbag would be ideal for a sapling but not be ideal for a larger plant. Hence if you do not plan to transplant a sapling I would recommend a standard 12″X12″ growbag.

Dont over crowd the growbag even if it is a larger one, remember plants do need their space. May be the example table below should help.

Plant No of plants/ 12″X12″ growbag
Chilli, Okra, brinjal, bottle gourd, ridge gourd, snake gourd, sword bean etc Not more than one per pot.
radish, carrot, beet not more than 5 per pot
cowpea, broad bean both creeper and shrub, beans, other small creepers 2 per pot
Greens, coriander etc  30 seeds/ enough for 2 harvests

if planting a single seed ensure it is in the middle or if you plan to use a ollas watering system ensure the seeds is at least 3 inches away from the edge of the pot. In case of multiple seeds other than greens give a space of minimum 3 inches and in case of greens give a space of minimum 1 inch away from the end of the pot/ growbag.

Depth the seed should be sown in is always a debatable question. Remember a seed normally should be sown twice the depth of the longest part of the seed however the maximum depth should not exceed more than an inch. Example a normal okra seed is almost round in shape and is around 4 to 5 mm  in its longest part so it needs to sown at a depth of 10 mm which is less than 1/2 an inch deep, but when it comes to seeds such as bottle gourd, sword bean are longer in length and the 1 inch rule should be applied to these seeds. Remember when the sprouts start they need to push through the soil to peep out and too much of depth may make keep them in the grave for ever.

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When it comes to micro seeds such as the greens/ coriander just sprinkle the seeds and cover them mildly with few couple of mm of soil. Gardeners used to mix these seeds with river sand or potting mix and sprinkle them which does the magic of even spread and top coverage in one go.

Once watered cover the pots with a news paper and keep watering mildly once a day even in summer on top of the paper. The news paper acts as a mulch and also improves the humid condition required for the seed to sprout. For ground garden a mulch may be used but it is not really important.

When all things go well you should witness your seeds sprouting from day 3. However there is also a season for every plant, a grow period and sowing time for each seeds. Now that’s a different topic all together we will discuss that in the coming days.

Until than Happy gardening.

Warm regards

Crazy Gardener

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