Why do we sow on Amavasya?
Why sow seeds on Amavasya? Why not on other days? Does plant growth/ germination happens during the night compared to bright day light?
Some of us think that it’s auspicious while some of us feel it’s superstitious. Let’s understand the scientific reason why these days are auspicious for seed sowing.
Let’s understand: The four major elements of nature correspond to specific parts of the plants. Earth is associated to the root, air to the flowers, water to leaf growth and fire to the growth of the seeds. We all cannot deny the fact that tides are affected by the gravitational pull of the moon (typically called as
lunar tides) which is closer to the earth compared to the sun which is large.
The strongest effect is felt during the full moon phase as against the new moon phase. This is because the sun and the moon both pull from the
opposite direction on the full moon day. These lunar tides affect the water content of the soil thereby creating more moisture in the soil at the time of the new and full moon.
Typically the month/lunar cycle are divided into 2 half namely
- WAXING (expanding or increase in illumination) of the moon
- WANING (shrinking or decreasing in illumination) of the moon.
Excluding the auspicious day’s new moon (Amavasya) and full moon (Poornima) the lunar calendar is further divided into a 4 cycle of 7 days each which is called the lunar cycle. This is explained in conjunction with the seed germination process below.
The WAXING period:
This is the period starting from the day of Amavasya till the full moon. Excluding the Amavasya this period is divided into 2 halves 7 days each and is considered as the first 2 parts of the lunar cycle. During the 1st, 7 days of the lunar cycle the lunar gravitational pull decreases as against the corresponding
relative increase in the gravitational pull by the earth. This stimulates the root growth which is the main part of the germination process. Since the light is also available in an increasing way this further stimulates a healthy leaf growth there by the plants go through a balanced growth period during their initial phase.
The relative direction of the lunar gravitational force is reversed during the 2nd, 7 days of the lunar cycle. During this period earth’s gravitational pull is relatively low compared to the gravitational pull from the moon. This slows down the root growth. On the other hand the moon light continues to be increasing which is the key for leaf growth. Hence during the first phase if the root growth was adequate with the nutrients and water the plant growth will be well balanced and regular.
Moonlight, gravitational pull and magnetic forces in peak during this enable good seeds to germinate if they had failed in the 1st, cycle. The saying goes “the seeds cannot resist this condition”. Which is why we see more weed growth overnight during this period.
The WANING period:
This is the period starting from the day of full moon till the Amavasya. Excluding the full moon this period is also divided into 2 halves of 7 days each and forms the second 2 parts of the lunar cycle. During the 3rd, 7 days of the lunar cycle the lunar gravitational pull decreases as against the corresponding
relative increase in the gravitational pull by the earth. Hence the root growth is stimulated again. However the decrease in the moonlight slows down the leaf growth. This is the ideal time to transplant as the leaf growth is slow and the root growth is active and helps the plant to overcome the transplant shock. Later once the roots have established it will help the plant go through the next difficult phase. The seeds that take 2 to 3 weeks to germinate are best sown during this period as they would be ready for ideal growth conditions when the first phase of the lunar cycle hits.
The 4th, 7 days of the lunar cycle the lunar gravitational pull increases again as against the corresponding relative increase in the gravitational pull by the earth. Hence the root growth is slowed down. Further the lack of moon light further reduces the leaf growth. This is considered as the balanced decrease in growth period as against the 1st, lunar cycle.
So what’s ideal?
The exact date doesn’t matter all you are doing here is just taking advantage of the motivation rendered by Mother Nature.
During the waxing period sow short germinating seeds or seeds that take more than a month to germinate should be placed 48 hours before the new moon (Amavasya) when significant magnetic forces (explained in waxing) occur or up to 7 days from the new moon. Seeds that take 1 to 2 weeks to germinate should be sown 48 hours before full moon or 7 days after.
Use the waning period to do lots of physical activities like preparing your soil, compost as this is the period that helps more towards the growth of microbial organisms.
Plants sown in the correct combination of the best lunar phase and sign show increased vigour, due to having all the best influences. They are growing at an optimum rate and are not as prone to setbacks that would otherwise affect less healthy plants. Harvests are often quicker, larger and crops don’t go to seed as fast. The method is more helpful when doing organic gardening. This is considered as a gardening nuance.
Your plants would still grow adequately. However as you gain experience I am sure we do not want to miss even the smallest detail.
Let’s not forget our forefathers had said many things with a reason. Try it out.